Salamanders are a type of amphibian, which means they can live on land or in water. They have smooth, moist skin and long tails. Most salamanders are small, but some can grow up to four feet long! Salamanders are found all over the world, but most live in damp places like forests, swamps, and near ponds and streams. Some salamanders can breathe through their skin, while others have lungs. Salamanders typically eat insects, worms, slugs, and other small creatures. Some larger salamanders will even eat smaller amphibians and reptiles!
Salamanders are not reptiles, but they are sometimes confused with lizards because they both have four legs and long tails. Lizards, however, have dry scaley skin, and most are much larger than salamanders. Salamanders are more closely related to frogs and toads than they are to reptiles. Like frogs and toads, salamanders start out as tadpoles in water and then transform into adults with four legs. Reptiles, on the other hand, hatch from eggs and do not go through a tadpole stage. Salamanders are amphibians, while reptiles are ectotherms.